Histopathological Changes in the Kidney of the Freshwater Bronze Featherback Fish, Notopterus notopterus (Pallas, 1769) Exposed to Profenofos

Main Article Content

Safiya Tazeen
R. S. Kulkarni

Abstract

The impact of profenofos, an organophosphate pesticide on the kidney of Indian freshwater teleost fish Notopterus notopterus was evaluated. The experimental group was exposed to sublethal concentration of profenofos at 7, 14 and 21 days. Histopathological changes due to the toxicity of pesticide in experimental and control kidney of the fish were observed by killing the animal every 7, 14 and 21 days. The kidneys were fixed in Bouin’s solution, dehydrated in graded ethanol, infiltrated in xylene, sectioned at 4-6 µ and stained in haematoxylin and eosin. Haemorrhage, oedema, fragmented glomeruli and elongated kidney tubules in experimental fish, and no effect were however observed in control fishes. It is concluded that profenofos is significantly toxic to the fish.

Keywords:
Profenofos, histopathology, Notopterus notopterus, kidney, oedema

Article Details

How to Cite
Tazeen, S., & Kulkarni, R. S. (2019). Histopathological Changes in the Kidney of the Freshwater Bronze Featherback Fish, Notopterus notopterus (Pallas, 1769) Exposed to Profenofos. Asian Journal of Research in Zoology, 2(2), 1-4. Retrieved from http://journalajriz.com/index.php/AJRIZ/article/view/30061
Section
Original Research Article

References

Anees MA. Intestinal pathology in a freshwater teleost, Channa punctatus exposed to sub lethal concentration of organophosphate pesticide. Acta Physiol Lat Am. 1976;26:63-67.

Couch JA. Histopathological effects of pesticides and related chemicals on liver and pancreas of fish. In: The Pathology of Fishes, Riblin WE, Migaki G (Eds). University of Wiscosin Press, Madison Wiscosin. 1975;515-558.

Cardoso EL, Chiarini-Gracia H, Ferreira RMA, Poli CR. Morphological changes in the gills of Lophiosilurus alexandri exposed to unionized ammonia. J Fish Biol. 1996; 49:778-787.

Barlas N. Histopathological examination of gill, liver and kidney tissues of carp (Cyprinus carpio L, 1758) fish in the upper Sakarya River Basin. Turk J Vet Anim Sci. 1999;23:277-284.

Cengiz EL, Unlü E, Balci K. The histopathological effects of Thiodan on the liver and gut of mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis. J Environ Sci Health B. 2001;36:75-85.

Moitra Somdutta, Ranjeeta Bhattacharjee, Sen NS. Histopathological changes in the gills of air breathing teleost Clarias batrachus Linn. exposed to endosulfan. Asian Journal of Experimental Sciences. 2012;26:23-26.

Ananth S, Mathivanan V. Histopathological changes in gill and kidney of Ctenopharyngodon idella exposed to arsenic trioxide. International Journal of Current Research in Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Science. 2014;1(7):1-7.

Richmonds C, Dutta HM. Histopathological changes induced by Malathion in the gills of bluegill Lepomis macrochirus. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 1989;43:123-130.

Anantha S. Studies on the impact of arsenic trioxide on certain aspects in selected tissues of freshwater fish Ctenopharyngodon idella, Ph. D. thesis, Annamalai University, India; 2014.

Vinodhini R, Narayana M. Heavy metal induced histopathological alterations in selected organs of the Cyprinus carpio L. Int. J. Environ. Res. 2009;3(1):95-100.

Pandey S, Parvez S, Ansari RA, Ali M, Kaur M, Hayat F, Ahmad F, Raisuddin S. Effects of exposure to multiple trace metals in biochemical, histological and ultrastructural features of gills of a freshwater fish, Channa punctata (Bloch.). Chemico- Biological Interactions. 2008;174:183–192.

Yesudas Thangam. Effect of nitrite toxicity in carbohydrate metabolism to fresh water fish Cirrhinus mrigala. Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. 2014;9(5):3-11.