Survey of Fresh Water Snails in Vandeikya Local Government Area, Benue State

Main Article Content

T. S. Atsuwe
J. I. Chikwendu
V. U. Obisike


A survey was carried out in Vandeikya Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria from April-July 2017 to determine availability of freshwater snails of and their preferred habitats. A total of 289 fresh water snails of four different genera were collected across 27 streams in the 7 districts in Vandeikya LGA. Water pH, water temperature and water velocity were also measured. Lenistislibycuswas found to be the most abundant freshwater snail species accounting for 40.83% of the total freshwater snails. Melanoidestuberculata was the second most abundant accounting for 29.411% of the total snails population sampled, Biomphalaria pfeifferi accounted for 17.99% while Bulinus globosus was significantly lower in abundance than the other snails, accounting for only 11.77%. By location, Mbaduku district had highest abundance of snails 84 (29.1%). The effect of the nature of the substratum on the availability of freshwater snails revealed that habitats with rocky substratum favoured the presence of snails accounting for 181(62.7%) freshwater snail collected.Our understanding of factors affecting the availability and abundance of freshwater snails in nature can prove useful in snail control which is integral for the control of the diseases for which they serve as intermediate host.

Fresh water snails, Lenistislibycus, Melanoides tuberculata, habitats.

Article Details

How to Cite
Atsuwe, T. S., Chikwendu, J. I., & Obisike, V. U. (2019). Survey of Fresh Water Snails in Vandeikya Local Government Area, Benue State. Asian Journal of Research in Zoology, 2(3), 1-8. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


Abe EM, Ombugadu A, Oluwole AS, Njila HL, Mogaji HO, Adeniran AA. Guo YH, Li SZ, Zhou XN, Ekpo UF. Population abundance and bionomics of snail intermediate hosts of trematode parasites in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. J Parasitol. 2017;12(1):8-18.

Hotez PJ, Kamath A. Neglected tropical diseases in Sub-saharan Africa: review of their prevalence, distribution and disease burden. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009;3:e412.

Adenowo AF, Oyinloye BE, Ogunyinka BI, Kappo AP. Impact of human schistosomiasis in sub-Saharan Africa. Braz J Infect Dis. 2015;19(2):196-205.

Falade MO, Otarigho B. Shell morphology of three medical important tropical freshwater pulmonate snails from five sites in South-Western Nigeria. International Journal of Zoological Research. 2015;11(4):140-150.

Abdulkadir FM, Maikaje DB, Umar YA. Ecology and distribution of freshwater snails in Gimbawa Dam, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Niger. J. Chem. Res. 2017;22(2):98-106.

Obisike VU, Ikpa TF, Imandeh GN, Amuta EU. Distribution of freshwater snail intermediate hosts of trematode parasites in some fresh water bodies in Makurdi, Nigeria. Niger. J of Parasitol. 2018;39(2):61-65.

Sokolow SH, Wood CL, Jones IJ, Swartz SJ, Lopez M, Hsieh MH, Lafferty KD, Kuris AM, Rickards C, De Leo GA. Global assessment of schistosomiasis control over the past century shows targeting the snail intermediate host works best. PLOS PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016;10(7): e0004794.

Weerakoon KGAD, Gobert GN, Cai P, McManus DP. Advances in the diagnosis of human schistosomiasis. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 2015;28(4):1- 29.

Oyebayo OO, Otarigho B, Olajumoke AM. Diversity, distribution and abundance of freshwater snails in Eleyele dam, Ibadan, South-West Nigeria. Zoology and Ecology. 2016;4(1):1-9.


Smoothey AF. Habitat association of turban snails on intertidal and subtidal rocky reefs. PLOS ONE. 2013;8(5):e61257.


Duwa RS. Survey of freshwater snails on three parts of Jakara dam. Kano State, Nigeria. Int. J. of Zool. Res. 2017;13(1):20-25.

Hamed MA. Strategic control of schistosome intermediate host. Asian J. Epidemiol. 2010;3(3): 123-140.

Hatez PJ, Kamath A. Neglected tropical diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa: Review of their prevalence, distribution and disease burden. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009;3(8):e412.

Ikpeze OO, Obikwelu ME. Factors affecting seasonal abundance of gastropod of public health importance found at Agulu Lake shorelines in Nigeria. Int J. Pure Appl Biosci. 2016;4(2):91-102.