Main Article Content
Five different edible insects from Kaduna, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto and Zamfara States of North-Western Nigeria, namely; Red Locust (Nomadacris setemfasciata), Desert Locust (Schistocerca gregaria), Variegated Grasshopper (Zonocerus wariegatus), Termite (Macrotermes bellicosus) and Brown Cricket (Gryllotapha Africana), were collected alongside with meats from camel (Camellus dromedaries), Cow (Bos indicus), Ram (Ovis aries), Chicken (Gallus gallus), and Fish (Clariaslazera). The insects were oven dried separately at 60ºC for 3-5hrs while the meats were dried at 60ºC for 48hrs. The dried contents of both the insects and the meats were ground separately and each was subjected to proximate analysis. The results indicated the nutrient to have Carbohydrates ranging between 0.7 g - 12.1 g in the insects and 0.4 g-10.2 g in the meats, Proteins ranging from 12.6 g - 57.3 g in the insects and 18.1 g – 70.4 g in the meats, Fats, Fibre, Ash and Moisture having ranges between 5 g - 17.9 g, 5 g - 20 g, 4g -10 g, 11.5 g - 53.6 g, respectively in insects and 18.4 g - 70.4 g Fats, 5 g Fibre, 2.4 g - 10.4 g Ash and 13.4 g – 59 g moisture in the meats. Equally, the minerals showed varied in both the insects and the meats. Statistical comparison of the means of the results showed that the Carbohydrates, the Protein and the Fibre do not differ (P˂0.0) significantly in both the insects and the meats. Similarly Copper, Iron, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium and Potassium do not differ significantly in the two groups. This suggested that insects as diet when taken in required amount can meet the protein requirement of the human body and can therefore supplement animal meats in our diets.
Paul D, Sudipta D. Nutrient content of sexual and worker forms of subterranean termites Reticulitermes spp. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 2011;10:505-507.
Pemberton RW. Catching and Eating Dragon flies in Baliand Else where in Asia. America Entomologist. 1993;41:97-102.
Bailey S. Insects as food. Bug food II. 1999;1-6.
Defoliart GR. Insects as a source of protein. Bulletin of Entomonological society of America. 1975;21:161-163.
Micheal DA. Insect in perspective. Macmillan Publishing Inc. 1978;293-311.
Banjo AD, Lawal OA. Songonuga EA.(). The nutrition value of fourteen species of edibles Insects in south-western Nigeria. African Journals of Biotechnology. 2006;5(3):298-301.
Ene JC. Insects and men in west Africa. Ibadan University Press. 1963;66.
Ashiru MO. The food value of the larvae of Anaphase vendetta butler (Lepidoptera: Notodonitidae. Ecology food and Nutrition. 1988;23:323-320.
Gene DR. The human use of Insects as food and Animals feed. Bulletin Entomological Society of Africa. 1989; 35:22-25.
Allotey J. Utilization of useful insects as food improved; Nutrition for Africa. African Journal of food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 2003;3(2):1-8.
AO AC. Association of official analytical chemist official method of analysis, 17th Edition In: W. Hortizt (Ed) AOAC Washington D. C., U.S.A; 2000.
Mpuchane SF, Gashe BA, Allotey J, Siame AB, Tefera G, Dithogo A.. Quality determination of phane, the edible Caterpillar of an Emperor moth, Ibrosia belina. Food Control. 2001;11:453-458.
National Population Commission (NPC). The yearly projected population of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Abuja: NPC; 2019.
Omotoso OT. Nutrition quality, functional properties and anti-nutrient composition of the larva of the cirina forda (West wood). (Lepidoptera: Saturiidae). Journal of Zhejiang University science. 2006;7(1):51-55.
Vandky J. National value of various insects per 100 grams. The food Newsletter. 2000; 9(2):1-2.