The Burden of Multiple Intestinal Helminthes among Primary School Children in Doma, Doma Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

I. A. Alaku
E. A. Omudu
N. G. Imainde
D. D. Attah

Abstract

Intestinal parasitic infections have always been an important public health problem in the tropics particularly in developing countries such as Nigeria for example. A cross-sectional survey involving 440 schools going children of both sexes aged 6 - >12 years was conducted in 4 primary schools at a different location in Doma Local Government Area (LGA) of Nasarawa State, Nigeria, between September 2015 to February 2016 to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites. Of the 440 samples examined 155 (35.22%) were infected with different intestinal parasites. The parasites observed included Entamoeba histolytica (6.59%), bookworm (5.22%), Ascaris lumbricoides (53.40%), Trichuris trichiuria (0.45%), E. coli (4.77%) and mixed infection of Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm (7.27%) with Ascaris lumbricoides having the highest prevalence. Doma south primary school 38 (34.54) Islamiyya nursery/primary school and Doma west primary school had the lowest prevalence with 36 (32.72%) and 34 (30.90%) respectively. An overall prevalence of (35.22%) intestinal parasitic infection in school going children is moderately high and of public health concern. There is need to intensified integrated control measure to reduce or completely eradicate the intestinal parasitic infection in school pupils.

Keywords:
Intestinal parasites infection, primary school children, Doma.

Article Details

How to Cite
A. Alaku, I., A. Omudu, E., G. Imainde, N., & D. Attah, D. (2019). The Burden of Multiple Intestinal Helminthes among Primary School Children in Doma, Doma Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Zoology, 2(4), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajriz/2019/v2i430078
Section
Original Research Article

References

Owaka E, Njoku O, Uhuo C, Odikamnoro O. Survey of intestinal helmithes infection among school children in rural communities of Ebonyi State Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2016;6(5):2250–3153.

UNICEF. Human helminthes infections in Southeast Asia, a report to UNICEF East Asia and pacific Regional Office by Dr. Simon Brooker of London School of Hygiene and Tropical medicine, London, UK. 2002;34–87.

Adikankwu O, Odikamnoro O, Ohuo A, Nwuzo A. The prevalence of intestinal nematodes in schools in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Continental Journal of Biomedical Sciences. 2012;6(1):13–17.

Banke R, Omudu E, Ikenwa D, Feese I. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in relation to availability of sanitary facilities among schooling children in Makurdi, Nigeria. Animal Research International. 2006;3(2):489 –493.

Chukwuma M, Ekejindu I, Agbakoba N, Ezeagwuna D, Anaghalu I. The prevalence and risk factors of geo-helminthes infections among primary school children in Ebenebe Town, Anambra State, Nigeria. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2009;4(3):211–215.

Montressor A, Crompton D, Gyorkos T, Savioli L. Helminthes control in school-age children: A guide for managers of control programmes. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2002;23–45.

Lwanga SK, Lemeeshow S. Sample size determination in health studies; a practical manual. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1991.

Odoba M, Otalu O, Balegun J. Prevalence of helminth parasite eggs in pupils and playing grounds of some selected primary schools in Zaria, Nigeria. World Journal of Life Science and Medical Research. 2012;2(5):192.

Pham-Duc P, Nguye n-Viet H, Hattendorf J, Zinsstag J, Phung-Dec C, Zurbriigg C, Odermatt P. Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura infections associated with wastewater and human excreta using agriculture in Viettan. Parasitology International. 2013;62:172–180.

Ibidapo C, Mafe M, Awebimpe O. Comparison of the three diagnostic methods for determination of prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among residents and pupils of Badagry Area of Lagos State, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2005;4(1):1315–1328.

Cheesbrough M. District laboratory practice in tropical countries. Part 2. Cambridge University Press. 2006;357.

Agwu N. Incidence of intestinal helminthiasis in school children in Aba urban city, Abia State, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Health and Human Development. 2001;1: 47–51.

Meremikwu M, Antia-Obong O, Asindi A, Ejezie G. Prevalence and intensity of intestinal helminthiasis in primary school children of peasant farmers in Calabar, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Medicine. 1995;2:40–44.

Damen J, Luka J, Biwan E, Lugos M. Prevalence of intestinal parasites among pupils in Rural North Eastern, Nigeria. Nigerian Medical Journal. 2011;52:4–6.

Wosu M, Onyeabor A. The prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among school children in a tropical rainforest community of Southeastern Nigeria. Journal of Animal Science Advance. 2014;4(8):1004–1008.

Abosie M, Jeevitha D, Pradeep P, Kanchana M. Comparative study of the prevalence of intestinal parasites in low socio-economic areas from South Chennai, India. Journal of Parasitology Research. 2014;1(4):1–7.

Gabbed A, Moammed E. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection in primary school children in Elengaz Area, Khartoum, Sudan. Academic Research International. 2014;5(2):2223–9941.

Zakir A, Abubakar U, Lawal U, Imrana H, Habibu I, Hassan I, Harande M. The practice of Almajiri: Prospect and socio-medical challenges in Northern Part of Nigeria. Journal of African Studies and Development. 2014;6(7):128–131.

Oyeniran O, Ojurongbe O, Oladipo E, Afolabi A, Ajayi O, Oloke A. Intestional parasitic infection among primary school pupils in Osogbo, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Science. 2014;13(7): 96–101.

Bui A, Kyari F, John W. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in school and aged pupils in Mafa Local Government Area of Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of Medicine and Applied Biosciences. 2012;4:54– 55.

Luka S, Ajogi I, Umoh J. Helminthosis among primary schools in Lere Local Government Area Kaduna State, Nigeria. The Nigerian Journal of Parasitology. 2000;21:109–116.

Ukpai O, Ugwu C. The prevalence of gastro-intestinal tract parasites in primary school children in Ikwuano LGA of Abia State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology. 2003;24:129–136.

Odo G, Agwu J, Ekeh C, Ezea, Aguoru G, Anya C, Omeje K, Ubachukwu P. Prevalence of intestinal parasites among school children in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area of Enugu State. International Journal of Research Studies in Microbiology and Biotechnology. 2016;2(2):7–14.

Kpurkpur T, Sani A, Nongu C. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and association with nutritional status of rural and urban pre-school children in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS. 2016;5(2):146–152.

Homusou R, Amuta T, Olusi T. Prevalence of intestinal parasites among primary school children in Makurdi; Benue State-Nigeria. The International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2009;8(1):1–5.

Ugochi U, Mgbemena I, Emeka Nwabunnia I. Prevalence of intestinal parasites among primary school children in three geopolitical zones of Imo State, Nigeria. Science Journal of Public Health. 2015;35(1):25–28.