Current Status of Poultry Coccidiosis in Developing India

Bhimrao N. Jadhav *

Department of Zoology, Vinayakrao Patil Mahavidyalaya, Vaijapur Dist. Chattrapati Sambhajinagar, M.S. 423701, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

To overcome nutritional demand of world as well as India in future, poultry sector is best source of animal protein. The broiler production is only the source which fulfills the future demand of food. Many diseases in chicken hamper the production of chicken in organized and unorganized poultry. Chicken coccidiosis and other zoonotic diseases cause pathological impact on growth of the chicken. In spite of the availability of effective drugs and other medicine, coccidiosis is great threat to poultry industry. All over the world seven species of Eimeria produces morbidity and mortality, poor weight, and loss of egg production causing huge economic loss to the poultry sector.

Indian poultry majorly affected by coccidia in monsoon season followed by winter and summer. The percentage prevalence of coccidiosis is higher in unorganized poultry than organized. Poor management practices and less care may increase the percentage of diseases among chicks in the early stage of life. Eimeria tenella and Eimeria necatrix are potential killer species in the poultry coccidiosis.

Keywords: Population, poultry, chicken, coccidiosis, developing India


How to Cite

Jadhav, B. N. (2024). Current Status of Poultry Coccidiosis in Developing India. Asian Journal of Research in Zoology, 7(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajriz/2024/v7i1135

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

UN Population census estimate "India overtakes China to become world's most populous country". The Guardian; 24 April 2023.

Alexander DJ. Newcastle disease. Br. Poult. Sci. 2001;42:5–22.

Macdonald SE, van Diemen PM, Martineau H, Stevens MP, Tomley FM, Stabler RA, Blake DP. Impact of Eimeria tenella coinfection on Campylobacter jejuni colonization of the Chicken. Infect Immun; 2019.

Arakawa A, Baba E, Fukata T. Eimeria tenella infection enhances Salmonella typhimurium infection in chickens. Poult Sci. 1981;60(10):2203–2209.

Moore RJ. Necrotic enteritis predisposing factors in broiler chickens. Avian Pathol. 2016;45(3):275–281.

Wade B, Keybrun A The true cost of necrotic enteritis. World Poultry. 2015;31: 16–17

Allen PC, Fetterer R. Recent advances in biology and immunobiology of Eimeria species and in diagnosis and control of infection with these coccidian parasites of poultry. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2002;15(1):58-65.

Available:https://dahd.nic.in/sites/default/filess/FINALREPORT2023ENGLISH.pdf

Available:https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/211115/10/10_chapter%202.pdf

Available:https://nbagr.icar.gov.in/en/registered-chicken

Available:https://thehumaneleague.org/article/how-long-do-chickens-live#:~:text=Generally%2C%20most%20wild%20chicken%20breeds, longer%20lifespans%20than%20domestic%20chickens.

Available:www.thepoultrysite.com

Dickinson EM. Coccidiosis control in chickens. Corvallis, Or.: Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station. Oregon State College; 1949.

McDougald LR, Fitz-Coy SH. Protozoal infection. InY.M. Saif, (ed.). Disease of Poultry. 12th ed; 2008;1068–1080.

Nahed A. El-Shall,et al. Phytochemical control of poultry coccidiosis: a review. Poultry Science. 2022;101:101542

Yashpal Singh; 2022.

Available:https://zootecnicainternational.com/field-reports/poultry-production-in-india

Saurabh Sharma et al. prevalence of poultry coccidiosis in Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir State J.Parasit Dis. 2015 Mar;39(1):85-89.

Dwivedi S, Sharma S, Isher AK, Sharma PK, Rai PK. Financial analysis of broiler production units. J. Anim. Res. 2020;10(5): 821-825.

Jithendran KP. Indian veterinary research institute, regional station, Palampur (Himachal Pradesh), 176 061.

Available:https://krishi.icar.gov.in/jspui/bitstream/123456789/3851/1/109-Jithendran%20papers%20Cocci2.pdf

Singh M, Kaur P, Singla LD, Kashyap N, Bal MS. Assessment of risk factors associated with prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in poultry of central plain zone of Punjab, India, Veterinary World. 2021;14(4):972-977.

Das M. Diversity of Eimeria species in backyard poultry of subtropical hilly region of Meghalaya, India Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2021;9(2):360- 365.

Das M, Laha R, Doley S. Gastrointestinal parasites in backyard poultry of subtropical hilly region of Meghalaya. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2020; 8(5):1301-1305.

Biswajit Singh et al. Prevalence of poultry coccidiosis in West Medinipur district of West Bengal State The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023;SP-12(7):34-38.

Kalita A, Kakati P, Sarmah PC. Isolation and molecular identification of Eimeria species circulating in broiler chicken flocks of Assam (India). Haryana Vet. 2021;60(2): 251-254.

Kalita A, Sarmah PC, Borah MK, Hussain L, Bhattacharjee K. Magnitude of Coccidia Infection in Small Scale Broiler Chicken Farms of Rural Assam (India). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2018;7(10): 3399- 3403.

Sachin Pant, Prakash Bhatt, S. Shekhar, Gopal Krishna. Epidemiological Investigation of Poultry Coccidiosis in and around Tarai Region of Uttarakhand. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2018;7(07): 374-380

Praveen et al. 2021 Socio-economic characteristics and constraints faced by broiler farmers in foothills of Kumaon region of Uttarakhand State Indian Journal of Poultry Science. 2021;56(1):81−87.

Chengat Prakashbabua B, Thenmozhi V, Limona G, Kunduc K, Kumar S, Gargc R, Clark EL, Srinivasa Raoe ASR, Rajf DG, Ramanb M, Banerjeec PS, Tomley FM, Guitiana J, Blake DPd. Eimeria species occurrence varies between geographic regions and poultry production systems and may influence parasite genetic diversity Veterinary Parasitology. 2017; 233:62–72.

Poornima Gumasta, RC Ghosh, Shubhangi Argade, Sumit Satpaty, DK Jolhe, Padamveer Singh, Hemant Sahu, Charlee Porte. Occurrence of various disease conditions and their pathology in Kadaknath chickens The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021;SP-10(8):218-222.

Hirani ND, Hasnani JJ, Pandya SS, Patel PV. Haematological Changes in Broiler Birds with Induced Caecal Coccidiosis following Prophylaxis with Different Coccidiostats. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 2018;7(4):1094-1100.

Vijayalingam TA, Rajesh NV, Ilavarasan S. A report on intestinal coccidiosis in a Kairali Desi chicken farm in Ramanathapuram district’. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2019; 7(2):965-968.

Pooja GM, Asha R, Devada K, Priya MN, Sajitha IS, Karthika R. Occurrence of poultry coccidiosis in different management systems in Thrissur, Kerala. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 2021;52(3):303-307.

Nikam et al SV. Comparative study of seasonal incidence (Winter) of Chicken coccidia in different eight districts, Marathwada region (M.S.) World Journal of Science and Technology. 2012;2(8):09-12.

Nikam et al SV. Comparative study of seasonal incidence (Monsoon) of Chicken coccidia in different eight districts, Marathwada region (M.S.) Journal of Experimental Sciences. 2012;3(5):38-41.