Current State and Future Potential of Fisheries in the Mirsharai Coastal Areas of Chattogram for Enhancing Bangladesh’s Blue Economy

Md. Atiqul Islam Mondal *

Department of Oceanography, University of Chittagong, Chattogram-4331, Bangladesh.

Abdullah Al Mamun Siddiqui

Bangladesh Oceanographic Research Institute, Cox’s Bazar-4730, Bangladesh.

Seema Rani

Bangladesh Oceanographic Research Institute, Cox’s Bazar-4730, Bangladesh.

Showmitra Chowdhury

Bangladesh Oceanographic Research Institute, Cox’s Bazar-4730, Bangladesh.

Siraj Uddin Md. Babar Chowdhury

Bangladesh Oceanographic Research Institute, Cox’s Bazar-4730, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: This study aims to comprehensively assess the fisheries resources in the Mirsharai coastal area of Chattogram district, focusing on their contribution to both local and national economies. The research seeks to identify challenges and vulnerabilities, particularly those arising from climate change, impacting pond owners, fish farmers, hatchery owners, and nursery owners in the region.

Study Design: The study adopts a cross-sectional design, employing field surveys and interviews to collect data on fish production, and challenges faced by stakeholders. The cross-sectional approach allows for a holistic understanding of the current state of fisheries resources and their interactions with climatic factors.

Place and Duration of Study: The research was conducted in Mirsharai, a coastal upazila of Chattogram district, Bangladesh. The study encompasses data collected during the January to December 2016, providing insights into the dynamics of fish production, and challenges faced by fisheries stakeholders in Mirsharai.

Methodology: Field surveys were conducted to gather quantitative data on fish production from both capture and culture fisheries. Additionally, interviews with pond owners, fish farmers, hatchery owners, and nursery owners were conducted to qualitatively assess the impact of challenges faced by fisheries stakeholders in Mirsharai on their operations and economic well-being. The combination of quantitative and qualitative methods ensures a comprehensive analysis.

Results: The average fish production in capture fisheries was determined to be 63 kg/ha, while culture fisheries, specifically pond aquaculture, yield an average of 1656 kg/ha. The results highlight the significant impact of challenges faced by fisheries stakeholders in Mirsharai on the local fisheries sector, revealing challenges related to market timing, post-larvae availability, and pricing that affect the economic sustainability of stakeholders.

Conclusion: The findings underscore the vulnerability of Mirsharai's fisheries to challenges faced by fisheries stakeholders in Mirsharai, emphasizing economic losses for fish farmers, hatchery owners, and nursery owners. The conclusion calls for urgent adaptive measures and climate-resilient strategies in the fisheries sector to ensure sustainability and viability in the face of evolving climatic conditions.

Implication: This study has implications for fisheries management and policy development, emphasizing the need for proactive measures to address climate-induced challenges and sustain the economic well-being of fisheries stakeholders in the Mirsharai coastal area.

Keywords: Coastal fisheries, culture fisheries, land suitability, aquaculture, resources


How to Cite

Mondal, M. A. I., Siddiqui, A. A. M., Rani, S., Chowdhury, S., & Chowdhury, S. U. M. B. (2024). Current State and Future Potential of Fisheries in the Mirsharai Coastal Areas of Chattogram for Enhancing Bangladesh’s Blue Economy. Asian Journal of Research in Zoology, 7(1), 6–18. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajriz/2024/v7i1136

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