Malaria and Nutritional Status of Children in Anambra State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Okeke, Obiageli Panthe
Ononye, Benjamin Uzonna
Imakwu, Cyril Ali
Uzochukwu, Chukwuebuka Uzochukwu
Amana, Gabriel Unekwu
Udeh, Nwabundo Peace
Aniekwe, Maduabuchi Isaac
Eyo, Joseph Effiong
Okafor, Fabian Chukwuemenam

Abstract

Malaria is a major cause of morbidity especially in children less than five years of age. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between malaria infection and nutritional status of some purposely selected children aged 0–36 months from hospitals in Anambra State, Nigeria. Data were collected on nutritional status using anthropometric data – age, height, weight and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC). Malaria infection status was obtained through microscopic examination of thick films blood smears. The prevalence of malnutrition (weight-for-height Z - scores) among malaria uninfected in the community and hospital surveys was 26.7%   and 9.2% respectively, while the prevalence among the malaria parasite infected children was 21.4% and 7.4% in the community and hospital respectively. The average number of malnourished children with Z-scores <-2SD were slightly higher than WHO standard. More malaria infected boys had Z-scores <-2SD compared to the WHO standard. Prevalence of malnutrition based on MUAC among malaria parasite infected children was very high (100% and 98.1% in community and hospital, respectively). The average number of stunted (height-for-age Z-score) children in both community and hospital survey was very high compare to WHO standard.  It may be concluded that there is a high rate of malnutrition based on MUAC among malaria infected children in Anambra State.

Keywords:
Malaria, nutritional status, children, Anambra State.

Article Details

How to Cite
Panthe, O. O., Uzonna, O. B., Ali, I. C., Uzochukwu, U. C., Unekwu, A. G., Peace, U. N., Isaac, A. M., Effiong, E. J., & Chukwuemenam, O. F. (2020). Malaria and Nutritional Status of Children in Anambra State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Zoology, 3(4), 61-74. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajriz/2020/v3i430100
Section
Original Research Article

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